A Beginner’s Guide to Shoe Cementing and Stockfitting

Shoe cementing and stock fitting are two essential aspects of shoemaking. Whether a DIY enthusiast or a professional shoemaker, understanding the basics of shoe cementing and stock fitting is crucial to ensure your shoes are comfortable, durable, and fit well.

In this beginner’s guide, we’ll examine these two critical shoe-making aspects and provide some tips and tricks to get started.

What is Shoe Cementing?

Shoe cementing is the process of attaching the sole of a shoe to the upper using a particular type of adhesive called shoe cement. This process is commonly used in the production of athletic shoes, dress shoes, and casual shoes.

Shoe cementing involves several steps, including preparing the surfaces to be bonded, applying the adhesive, and pressing the sole and upper together. The glue used in shoe cementing is typically made from a merger of natural and synthetic rubber compounds, providing a robust and flexible bond that can withstand various conditions.

What is Stock Fitting?

Stock fitting is fitting a shoe to a customer’s foot using a standard sizing system. This involves measuring the foot’s length, width, and height and considering any special needs or preferences the customer may have.

Stock fitting is essential because it allows customers to find the right size and style of shoe for their needs while ensuring that they are comfortable and well-fitting.

The Benefits of Shoe Cementing and Stock Fitting

Shoe cementing and stock fitting are two critical processes in producing high-quality footwear. The benefits of this process include the following:

  • Durability

Shoe cementing is a process of attaching the sole to the shoe’s upper part using a solid adhesive, commonly used in athletic shoes and work boots. This technique makes shoes more durable and long-lasting, and stock fitting ensures a perfect fit to prevent quick wear and tear.

  • Comfort

Proper shoe fit is essential for comfort and to prevent foot problems. Stock fitting and shoe cementing ensure a perfect fit and avoid discomfort from a loose sole.

  • Performance

Proper fitting and cementing of shoes can improve performance and durability, allowing wearers to move freely and confidently during running, jumping, or heavy-duty work.

The Tools You’ll Need for Shoe Cementing and Stock Fitting

Shoe cementing and stock fitting are essential skills that require the right tools to ensure a successful outcome. 

Some of the tools you’ll need for these tasks include a suitable quality shoe adhesive or cement, a brush or applicator for applying the glue, a sharp knife or scissors for cutting and trimming materials, a hammer or mallet for tapping the shoe pieces into place, and a lasting machine or pliers for securing the shoe to the last.

Additionally, you may need various measuring and marking tools, such as a ruler, protractor, and chalk or pencil, to ensure accurate sizing and fitting. To make things easier, you can invest in shoe-making machinery for a better shoe-making experience.

The Steps Involved in Shoe Cementing and Stock Fitting

Shoe cementing and stock fitting are crucial processes in footwear manufacturing.

The first step involves cutting the leather into the desired shapes and sizes. Then, the pieces are skived and thinned to the appropriate thickness. Next, the edges are trimmed and glued together using a unique adhesive. 

Once the pieces are joined through shoe-making machinery, the shoe can dry for a specific period to ensure the glue has been set. The final step is stock fitting, which tests the shoe for size and comfort. The shoe is fitted onto a last, and any excess material is trimmed. 

The finished shoe is then ready for packing and shipping. This process requires precision and attention to detail to ensure high-quality, comfortable shoes.


Shoe cementing and stock fitting are two essential techniques that can significantly improve the quality of shoes. These techniques can improve shoes’ durability, comfort, and overall performance, making them ideal for various activities. Whether you are an athlete, a worker, or someone who wants a comfortable pair of shoes, shoe cementing, and stock fitting can help you get the most out of your footwear.

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